ISPK with Chatham House Conference: "Europe's Strategic Choices" 2017

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ESC 2017

ESC 2017

On December 7 and 8 2017, the ISPK together with Chatham House jointly organized the Europe’s Strategic Choices Conference at the Ritz-Charlton Berlin. Launched in 2014 as a strategic dialogue to reinvigorate the debate about Europe’s current and future strategic challenges and now in its fourth year, the conference brought together over 230 senior politicians, business leaders and thinkers. The format of the conference included keynote speeches, plenary sessions as well as break-out sessions held under the Chatham House Rule to facilitate an open dialogue.

Weiterlesen

The conference agenda included the following topics:

Thursday 7 December 2017
 

Welcome
 

Opening Remarks With Dr. Dietmar Woidke


Plenary Session One | Uncertain Union: The Future of Europe

PS1

Europe is facing the most challenging period it has had to confront since the fall of the Berlin Wall. The year 2017 has seen or will see pressured elections in France, Germany, the UK and the Netherlands; a rise in populism within European borders; the UK’s formal triggering of Article 50; and an uncertain future relationship with the US. With Brussels, Berlin, London and Paris looking inward, does Europe risk being left behind on questions of strategic relevance for its neighbourhood and its global position? Or can the EU27, led by freshly elected governments and supported by falling unemployment and a return to growth, build a coherent narrative for their future?

  • Lord Peter Ricketts, UK Ambassador to France (2012-16) and Strategic Adviser, Lockheed Martin
  • Professor Dr Heribert Hirte MdB, Member of the CDU/CSU Parliamentary Group, German Bundestag
  • Zoltán Kovács, Government Spokesman, Cabinet Office of the Prime Minister, Hungary
  • Chair: Quentin Peel, Associate Fellow, Europe Programme, Chatham House

 

Break-Out Sessions – Round One

A Rocky Road Ahead? Brexit and the Future of the UK-EU27 Relationship

BS_R1_A

A year and a half after the UK voted to leave the European Union, the future of UK–EU relations is still far from clear. With negotiations now firmly under way, there are pressing questions about what the future agreement should look like, and whether a deep and comprehensive deal is indeed possible. All the while, discussions are taking place within the EU on reforming the Eurozone, improving economic performance, responding to the refugee crisis and strengthening security. How will these discussions affect the future deal between the UK and the EU? Is a mutually beneficial agreement possible? In which areas can the EU and the UK work together?

  • Caroline Wilson, Director, Europe, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, UK
  • Peter Watkins CBE, Director General Strategy & International, UK Ministry of Defence
  • Michael Schmidt, President, British Chamber of Commerce in Germany
  • Chair: Tom Raines, Research Fellow and Programme Manager, Europe Programme, Chatham House

 

B The Data Dividend: Balancing Promise and Privacy

BS_R1_B

Big Data, and the new technologies and industries it is fuelling, offer potentially huge economic and social benefits. However, harnessing the full spectrum of potential involves thorny ethical issues around privacy. This is especially the case in many European countries with a strong culture of privacy, as reflected in the EU recently adopting some of the strongest data privacy regulations in the world. How will Europe cope in an era of Big Data? How can individuals’ privacy be safeguarded against misuse without stifling new technologies? Does Europe need a privacy culture change?

  • Susanne Dehmel, Member of the Executive Board, BITKOM
  • Dr Sandro Gaycken, Director, Digital Society Institute, European School of Management and Technology
  • Dr Olaf Schulz, Head of Government Relations Europe and Middle East Africa, Nokia
  • Chair: Annegret Bendiek, Senior Associate, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP)

 

C Europe and a Resurgent Russia

BS_R1_C

From Ukraine to Syria, Russia is using the full arsenal of political, diplomatic and military tools available to it to re-establish itself as a global power. Compounded by the changing European political landscape, the question of how to deal with Russia is more pressing than ever. What incentive does Europe have to continue a dialogue with the Kremlin in the face of Russian aggression on NATO and the Nord Stream 2 project? How does Russia’s relationship with the US fit into this?

  • Dr Lilia Shevtsova, Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House
  • Dr Andreas Umland, Fellow, Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation, Kiev
  • Dr Stefan Meister, Head, Robert Bosch Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia, German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP)
  • Chair: Dr Hannes Adomeit, Non-resident Fellow, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel

 

In Conversation | Crisis in North Korea: The Nuclear Provocation

Conversation

North Korea’s unwavering provocations through missile tests and an underground explosion of a hydrogen bomb have led to a major international crisis. While many observers deplore the negative consequences for the international efforts to curb the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, others are more concerned about the imminent danger of nuclear war given the belligerent rhetoric involved. This panel will address the North Korean crisis from different perspectives. How reliable are the threat assessments concerning North Korea? How has the underdeveloped and stagnant economy of North Korea been able to yield so many technological leaps in the field of missile and nuclear weapons technology within such a short time frame? Where does the technology come from? How much responsibility do Russia and China have for North Korea’s acquisition of missile and nuclear technology? What will be the regional and global implications of a North Korea armed with long-range missiles and hydrogen bombs?

  • Dr Brad Roberts, Director, Center for Global Security Research, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Professor Dr Robert Schmucker, Technical University of Munich
  • Dr Sarah Kirchberger, Head of the Center for Asia-Pacific Strategy and Security, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel
  • Professor Dr Ben Schreer, Head of Department, Security Studies and Criminology, Macquarie University
  • Chair: Professor Dr Joachim Krause, Director, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel

 

Break-Out Sessions – Round Two

A New Industrial Models for Europe

BS_R2_A

Global economic, political and technological trends are driving interest in re-industrializing Europe, albeit in a very different form than that experienced in the 19th and 20th centuries. Increased popularity of protectionist policies in countries that were traditional champions of free trade; greater domestic competition in European export markets; new modes of production – all are making it newly desirable and cost effective to move industry and manufacturing back to Europe. Can Europe’s economy adapt to an era of re-industrialization? What effects will this have on global supply chains? What policies are needed to ensure that jobs are not only adequately paid but guarantee the dignity of those working in radically changed industrial environments?

  • Kristin Schreiber, Director for SME policy and the COSME Programme, European Commission
  • Dr Markus Kerber, Director General and Member of the Presidential Board, Federation of German Industries (BDI) (2011-17)
  • Nicola Brüning, Head of Governmental Relations, BMW Group
  • Chair: Dr Robin Niblett CMG, Director, Chatham House

 

B The Future of Free Trade: Multilateral, Bilateral, Regional, Protectionist?

BS_R2_B

The Trump administration’s protectionist rhetoric has signalled a radical departure from the free trade agendas of previous administrations. This has sparked global uncertainty and uneasiness about how this will manifest over the next four years: will the current ‘golden era’ of free trade come to an end or will other major players, particularly China, be able to secure the future of the current system? Or is an alternative trade order based on bilateral and regional trade agreements most likely? Where does this leave Europe?

  • Dr Claudia Schmucker, Head of Program, Globalization and World Economy, German Council on Foreign Relations
  • Fredrik Erixon, Director, European Centre for International Political Economy
  • Dr Stefan Mair, Member of the Executive Board, Federation of German Industries (BDI)
  • Chair: Clara Weinhardt, Non-resident Fellow, Global Public Policy Institute

 

C Old Threats, New Challenges: Changing Security Perceptions in Northern Europe

BS_R2_C

Russia’s newfound foreign policy assertiveness has highlighted how Northern Europe and the Baltic States are on the front lines of European security, making the area a testing ground for European unity, transatlantic resolve and diplomatic skill. How has the region reacted to this changed security landscape, and what is the potential for further cooperation with non-NATO members such as Finland and Sweden? Will NATO’s diplomatic and political responses and the reinforcement of its eastern flank be enough to reassure its members against Russian military capacities and postures? How well will the EU–NATO 2016 Joint Declaration and its regular reporting mechanisms work to increase European security, and in what time frame?

  • Lt Gen Frank Leidenberger, Commander, German Elements Multinational Corps and Basic Military Organization
  • Francis Kearney, Director of Customer Business, Europe, Middle East and Africa, Rolls-Royce Defence
  • Daniel Keohane, Senior Researcher, Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich
  • Pauli Järvenpää, Senior Research Fellow, International Centre for Defence and Security, Tallinn
  • Chair: Dr Patricia Lewis, Research Director, International Security Department, Chatham House

 


Plenary Session Two | Stabilizing the Neighbourhood: North and Sub-Saharan Africa

PS2

In the face of ongoing instability in North and sub-Saharan Africa, the countries of Europe have taken diverse approaches to stabilizing their southern neighbourhood, from partnerships promoting democratic transformation to political reform to supporting military intervention leading to regime change. What concepts, instruments and tools can Europe field to engage with these countries? Who are Europe’s reliable and legitimate partners? Is Europe doing enough to enable its partners to take care of their own security, and what is the right balance between political, economic and military support? What are the prospects of addressing the root causes of instability?

  • Mark Bryson-Richardson, Director, UK Government Stabilisation Unit
  • Michael Köhler, Director of Neighbourhood, Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations, European Commission
  • Dr Canan Atilgan, Head of the Regional Programme Political Dialogue and Regional Integration South Mediterranean, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung
  • Mats Karlsson, Director, Swedish Institute of International Affairs
  • Chair: Professor Dr Stefan Brüne, Associate Fellow, Franco-German Relations Programme, German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP)

 

Conference Dinner

Conference Dinner

 


Friday 8 December 2017

 

Plenary Session Three | One Year In: Taking Stock of the Transatlantic Relationship

PS3

With President Trump in office for almost one year, it is time to assess his administration’s policies and their impact on the transatlantic relationship. Has the Trump administration put forward a coherent plan to fundamentally alter the United States’ foreign policy? Has the US president been true to his word and transformed his country’s alliances according to a more transactional understanding of partnership? Where does Europe feature in the new administration’s political, economic and security thinking and who are the central figures for policy towards Europe in the White House? How has Europe reacted to the new tone and, if Washington has neglected established institutions, what are the prospects for bridge-building and productive working relationships outside of these forums?

  • Sir Simon Fraser, Deputy Chairman, Chatham House; Adviser, Europe Programme
  • Jan Techau, Director, Richard C. Holbrooke Forum for the Study of Diplomacy and Governance, American Academy, Berlin
  • Richard Burt, Managing Director, McLarty Associates; United States Ambassador to Germany (1985-89)
  • Dr Kori Schake, Research Fellow, Hoover Institution
  • Chair: Dr Robin Niblett CMG, Director, Chatham House


Break-Out Sessions - Round Three

A Bitter Medicine? Migration: Need versus Want in an Ageing Europe

BS_R3_A

Migration has become one of the most controversial issues in European states. While ageing societies need substantial migration in order to maintain economic performance and social services, there is a growing uneasiness with seemingly uncontrollable migration from North Africa and the Middle East. The failure to properly integrate new arrivals has contributed to this unease, particularly regarding Muslim immigrants. What can be done to fix these imbalances of need and perception? How should new immigrants be more thoroughly integrated into European societies? What should a reasonable migration policy look like?

  • Thorben Albrecht, State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Germany
  • Nicola Clase, Coordinator for Migration and Refugee Issues, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden
  • Dr Uta Dauke, Vice-President, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, Germany
  • Chair: Jasper Tjaden, Data and Survey Officer, Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, International Organization for Migration

 

B NATO and the 2% Goal: Keep Calm and Spend Wisely

BS_R3_B

Only five of NATO’s members are currently meeting the agreed-upon target to spend 2% of their GDP on defence: Estonia, Greece, Poland, the UK and the US. The pressure is on the other members of the alliance to increase their military spending. However, many of the European member states have also declared their readiness to contribute more to common defence, posing the question of how to best allocate their spending. How realistic is a sudden increase in defence budgets of NATO’s European members? What is the correct mix of NATO vs European defence for member states? Can the US warning of moderating its commitments to NATO be turned into an opportunity for reform of the organization?

  • Lt Gen Jörg Vollmer, Chief of the German Army
  • Fritz Felgentreu, MdB, Deputy Spokesman for Defence Policy for Social Democratic Party of Germany, German Bundestag
  • Martin Michelot, Deputy Director, EUROPEUM Institute for European Policy
  • Oliver Mittelsdorf, Senior Vice President, Sales Tracked Vehicles and Turrets, Rheinmetall Landsysteme
  • Chair: Professor Dr Joachim Krause, Director, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel

 

C Beyond Carbon: Europe’s Energy Outlook Beyond 2020

BS_R3_C

The recent announcement from Europe’s energy utilities that no new coal-fired plants will be built in the EU after 2020 signals an overhaul in the future of energy generation across the region. Even more ambitious, the industry has committed to provide 100% carbon-neutral electricity by 2050. However, the mining and use of coal has important socio-economic implications across Europe, including in Greece, Germany and Poland, making the restriction or phase-out of its use problematic. Additionally, the electrification of heat and transport will increase electricity demand and change consumption patterns, presenting important opportunities and challenges for decarbonization. Are the European energy utilities likely to be able to meet their commitments? How will this change the European energy mix and outlook? What does this mean for relations with Russia, Ukraine and Turkey?

  • Annalena Baerbock MdB, Member of the Alliance 90/The Greens, German Bundestag
  • Andreas Schell, Chief Executive Officer, Rolls-Royce Power Systems AG
  • Dr Thomas W O'Donnell, Energy & International Affairs, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin
  • Chair: Antony Froggatt, Senior Research Fellow, Energy, Environment and Resources Department, Chatham House

 

Closing Conversation

PS4

  • Sir Lawrence Freedman, Emeritus Professor of War Studies, King’s College London
  • Linda Teuteberg MdB, Free Democratic Party, German Bundestag
  • Dr Fabrizio Saccomanni, Vice-President, Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI); Minister of Economy and Finances, Italy (2013–14)
  • Steven Erlanger, Chief Diplomatic Correspondent Europe, The New York Times

 

Closing Remarks

Closing_Remarks

  • Professor Dr Joachim Krause, Director, Institute for Security Policy, University of Kiel
  • Dr Robin Niblett CMG, Director, Chatham House

 

More Informations

For the conference website, please go to:
https://www.chathamhouse.org/europes-strategic-choices

For the conference report including the summaries of the break-out sessions, please klick Conference Summary (PDF).

 

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