The character of UN Peace Operations has changed dramatically over the last 20 years. As the international community needed to react to the complexities of modern conflicts, peacekeeping mandates have become more comprehensive and also more robust. In this context, the protection of civilians (PoC) has become a central part of UN Peace Operations.

The consequences of this development are significant and have affected peacekeeping on all levels – from the military, police, and civilian personnel in the missions, to the operational planners in the headquarters, up to the political decisions of the Security Council. Ultimately, all levels face the same challenge with regard to PoC: how to narrow the gap between ambition and reality of protecting civilians?

The answers to this urgent question will have considerable impact on the future of UN Peace Operations as well as that of stability operations outside the UN framework. With the concept of PoC turning twenty and the UN in the process of reviewing its policy on PoC, the German Federal Ministry of Defence (BMVg) has initiated a process for preparing and in-depth study seeking answers to the challenges related to the implementation of PoC mandates. In order to enhance Germany’s “PoC preparedness” in the future, the study report will place a particular emphasis on how the German Armed Forces, the German Police, the Federal Foreign Office, and the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development can contribute to this overarching goal.

The study project and the preparation of the subsequent report are carried out by an international research consortium consisting of the Institute for Security Policy at Kiel University (ISPK), the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University (ISGA), and the Brussels based Global Governance Institute (GGI). Throughout the project cycle, several workshops will be held in New York City, Washington DC, and Berlin. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Defence.


Link zum IPOC-Projekt.


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